TRAM stands for transverse rectus abdominis, a muscle in your lower abdomen between your waist and your pubic bone. A flap of this skin, fat, and all or part of the underlying rectus abdominus muscle are used to reconstruct the breast in a TRAM flap procedure.
WHAT ARE THE STEPS FOR THE APPLICATION?
Overall, TRAM flaps are the most commonly performed type of flap reconstruction, partly because TRAM flap tissue is very similar to breast tissue and makes a good substitute. They also have been around for some time, and many surgeons know how to do them. However, the downside of TRAM flaps is that they do cut through muscle, while other types of flap reconstruction avoid this and are therefore “gentler” operations.
This is applied to the breast area.